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From Gainedu Organisation

INDIAN POLITICAL SYSTEM

India is the largest democracy in the world. India has the biggest number of people with franchise rights and the largest number of political parties, which take part in election campaign. In the 1996 national elections, almost 600 million people voted and an average of 26 candidates competed for each of the 543 territorial constituency seats.
Elections are held at different levels. The two major election levels are at national level, after which the national government is established and at state level after which the state government is established. Elections are also held for city, town and village councils.
There are different political issues in Indian politics. Some are national level and some regional level. Some communities just demand more economical and social rights for their communities. While others demand more autonomy for their cultures within the Indian states. Some demanded autonomous states within the Indian Union, while the others demanded to be independent from India.
With all its problems India survives as a single state with democratic character. But a number of political problems still exist and remain unsolved in India.
Introduction
India - with a population of a billion and a quarter and an electorate of 814 million (2014) - is the world's largest democracy and, for all its faults and flaws, this democratic system stands in marked contrast to the democratic failures of Pakistan and Bangladesh which were part of India until 1947.
Unlike the American political system and the British political system which essentially have existed in their current form for centuries, the Indian political system is a much more recent construct dating from India's independence from Britain in 1947.
The current constitution came into force on 26 January 1950 and advocates the trinity of justice, liberty and equality for all citizens. The Constitution of India is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world, containing 444 articles, 12 schedules and 98 amendments, with almost 120,000 words in its English language version.
In stark contrast with the current constitution of Japan which has remained unchanged the constitution of India has been one of the most amended national documents in the world with almost 100 changes. Many of these amendments have resulted from a long-running dispute involving the Parliament and the Supreme Court over the rights of parliamentary sovereignty as they clash with those of judicial review of laws and constitutional amendments.
India's lower house, the Lok Sabha, is modelled on the British House of Commons, but its federal system of government borrows from the experience of the United States, Canada and Australia.

List of Prime Ministers given by different political parties in India in the chronological order:

Sr.No Name Year
1. Narendra Modi 2014 till date
2. Manmohan Singh 2004-14
3. Atal Bihari Vajpayee 1998-2004
4. IK Gujral 1997-98
5. HD Deve Gowda 1996-97
6. AB Vajpayee 1996
7. PV Narasimha Rao 1991-96
8. Chandra Shekhar 1990-91
9. VP Singh 1989-90
10. Rajiv Gandhi 1984-89
11. Indira Gandhi 1980-84
12. Charan Singh 1979-80
13. Morarji Desai 1977-79
14. Indira Gandhi 1966-77
15. Gulzarilal Nanda 1966-66
16. Lal Bahadur Shastri 1964-66
17. Gulzarilal Nanda 1964
18. Jawaharlal Nehru 1947-64
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